Environmental protection identification numbers michigan

Hazardous Waste ID; EPA ID Number; FINDS Number; Liquid Industrial (Part ) of Michigan's Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Act, Public.
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The image at right shows a family raising the American flag in their yard, while a hydrogen sulfide meter shows concentrations of the contaminant at 2 parts per million in October The source CAFO can be seen beyond the pine tree. Unfortunately, this home is also surrounded on three sides by fields often used by the CAFO for manure disposal.

CAFOs can't survive without taxpayer subsidies. These taxpayer supports not only encourage the growth of this industry, they undercut the ability of traditional livestock operations to compete with CAFOs. Without the subsidies, CAFOs would fail financially. Less support for polluting factory farms means a more sustainable Michigan. Federal laws establish minimum standards for the regulation of any activity that causes air pollution or water pollution. Currently, the U. This law is designed to help local communities protect public health, safety, and the environment from chemical hazards.

CAFOs are required to report emissions of some pollutants, most notably ammonia. This requirement led to disclosure that the largest emitter of ammonia in the country is a dairy CAFO in Oregon. The federal Clean Water Act does provide some regulation of CAFOs, although interpretations of the extent of those requirements are being litigated. State laws must be at least as restrictive as the federal law, but in Michigan and some other states it has required citizens to bring challenges to state's delegation under the Clean Water Act to force the agencies to implement the laws.

It is important to review the regulations in your state in order to understand what is allowed and not allowed. EPA links to state program websites. State and federal agricultural agencies often play a role in establishing voluntary standards that CAFOs and other livestock operations are expected to abide by.

In some instances, the agricultural agencies will act as the gatekeeper for securing any enforcement actions by the state, particularly in the area of air pollution. In Michigan, for example, the Department of Agriculture is given the responsibility for investigating air pollution complaints from CAFOs, although they have no enforcement authority. Except in an emergency, the agriculture director must make a referral to the Department of Environmental Quality before any action can be taken by the environmental agency regarding those complaints.

No, it is not illegal to spread CAFO manure waste on the ground. While this website describes many different situations in which a CAFO may be spreading their waste on land, and many possibly harmful effects of that activity, it is not of itself illegal.

Michigan Environmental Council

It is illegal if a CAFO spreads waste in such a manner that it moves off the land and into waters of the state, and this "discharge" causes or contributes to a violation of Michigan's water quality standards in waters of the state. CAFO manure contains the animals' feces and urine, plus, the definition also includes other materials such as bedding, compost, and other raw materials. CAFO manure is also loaded with the plant nutrients nitrogen and phosphorus, which can cause algae blooms if released to surface water, and pathogens such as Escherichia coli E.

Manure may also contain:. Can a methane digester solve the CAFO's waste problem? Not really. This is like capturing a fart in a jar. It may help reduce some odors, but it has severe limits. In short, no. And, as you read the bulleted list below, remember that a Michigan CAFO can have a compost pile within feet of its neighbor. Discharge means any direct or indirect release of any waste, waste effluent, wastewater, pollutant, or any combination thereof into any of the waters of the state or upon the ground.

The real answer should be "no, not under any circumstance.

How would you find out? Whether or not a CAFO is allowed to spread waste on snow depends either on what is in their Comprehensive Nutrient Management Plan , or on whether the CAFO has an order from the state with specifics for winter application.

IFB members testify at EPA RFS hearing in Michigan

This may be determined on a field by field basis. Many CAFOs will spread waste on snow just to get rid of it and then hope they don't get caught. The problem is that when the snow melts, the manure will run off into the nearest ditch or stream, because frozen ground cannot absorb water. Often the manure on the snow will even cause the snow and ice to melt. This is a grey-area question. By dumping manure piles, a CAFO creates an off-site production area of waste.

This off-site production area cannot discharge to waters of the state. This can also be a cloudy area. The photo at right, taken in Lenawee County just before a predicted rainfall, shows manure waste application on a fairly steep slope. Not necessarily, this may be different for each CAFO. Soil testing for phosphorus must be done for fields that will be used for land application of CAFO wastes. If the soil tests indicate high amounts of phosphorus, a CAFO cannot apply waste to that field. That information is included in the Comprehensive Nutrient Management Plan. However, you would need to contact your local road commission or police department to file a complaint on this issue.

IFB members testify at EPA RFS hearing in Michigan

Unless the spill gets into waters of the state, or is an extreme amount, it is necessary to contact the government agency that has jurisdiction over roads. You need to organize and educate your neighbors as soon as possible. Property values will drop the closer in proximity to a CAFO that you live. Information can be found from realtor. CAFO waste can be sprayed, irrigated, blown by the wind, spread further through surface ponding of rainfall, or from runoff that may reach your property. High powered fans used to cool the hundreds of animals in the buildings often blow out bedding or other contaminated materials.

Many people have become ill living near and working at CAFOs. Some people develop breathing problems, coughs, headaches, hydrogen sulfide poisoning, and ammonia poisoning. Here are some articles from Environmental Health Perspectives :. First, this activity may not be illegal. But there are provisions the land applicator must follow to protect your home and property. So first, to be safe - get your children indoors, close your windows, and take down your laundry.

Then start documenting your observations, in case the activity is causing a problem. In a nutshell, you will take pictures, take water samples, and even smell the water at your own risk smell it for manure or some other wrong smell.

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Carry a notebook and keep information, such as a journal or a checklist. Have someone else verify your information, if at all possible. Pictures ideally should show the time, date, and location of what is happening. This is especially important if rainfall is predicted and a facility is land-applying waste anyway, perhaps even in violation of its NPDES permit or consent order. Without trespassing onto private property, and only working from the road-right-of-way, or from the property of a landowner who gave you permission, take photos of:.

Tell them your and other monitors' names, addresses, and phone numbers, and cell phone numbers. Tell them clearly what you are doing and let them know you are monitoring the water or air. This way, if someone complains about your activities, the police will know where to find you, and can call you.

You must never trespass. Check for road right-of-way distances. Realize that state highways are different than local roads. A CAFO operator may file charges against you if you are trespassing on their property. If you plan to access a stream away from the road, you must get permission from the landowner.